History and development of the pendet dance and its movements

Infokekinian.com – Talk about it diversity Of course, dances in Indonesia do not escape the pendet dance. Therefore we will share the history and development of the pendet dance and its movements.

Of course, being an Indonesian citizen is a matter of pride, as this country boasts a proud and beautiful cultural diversity.

Though their tribes and regions are diverse, Indonesians live by the motto Bhineka Tunggal Ika, which means different yet one.

The origin of the pendet dance

According to this motto, no matter how many cultures there are in Indonesia, people still get along well.

Dance is one of Indonesia’s cultural diversity to be proud of today. Yes, there are many unique things that can be accomplished through regional dance in Indonesia.

Almost every region has its own distinctive dance. One of them is the Pendet dance, which originated in Bali.

What is the history and movement of the pendet dance? Below is a detailed description of the history, movements, required qualities and characteristics of the pendet dance.

The origin of the pendet dance

There are many types of traditional dances that originated in Bali. The Pendet dance, on the other hand, is one of the oldest types of traditional Balinese dance.

The pendet dance originated around 1950 and is used as a worship dance when visiting Hindu temples.

This dance is intended as a salutation for man’s descent to earth. This dance has evolved from time to time into a dance that originated as a performance for special activities to welcome the ceremony.

I Wayang Rindi, a very talented professional traditional dance artist, is the creator and developer of this Balinese pendet dance.

When dancing, I Wayang Rindi uses the skill and mastery of Taksu energy art, whose taste and ability to dance are yet to be developed.

I Wayang Rindi took Ni Ketut as a partner to develop the style of pendet dance, who managed to incorporate the spirit of pendet dewa dance into the performances performed since he is already a professional.

This traditional Balinese pendet dance first appeared and was introduced in 1960 at an international event, namely the Asean Games in Indonesia.

The Pendet Dance was the opening act of the ASEAN Games at the time and was witnessed by President Soekarno.

Movements in the Pendet dance

The movement created by the pendet dance distinguishes it from other types of dance. In the Pendet dance, almost all of the dancer’s limbs are used to create visually appealing movements.

The following movements are used in pendet dance based on the body parts used:

Movements in the Pendet dance

head movement

In the Pendet dance, the head is only moved with the eyes. Those of you who have seen pendet dance performances must be familiar with the dancers’ eye movements.

The movement of the dancer’s eyes to the right and left is called nyeledet, while the movement of the eyes is called drooling.

Of course, moving your eyes between drooling and drooling isn’t arbitrary. There is music with a specific rhythm and tempo to control when the dancers need to drool and drool.

neck movement

Dedengkek is a rocking movement performed by the Pendet dancers. There are two other types of movements in Dedengkek: Uluwangsul, in which the dancer moves the neck gently, and Ngotag, in which the dancer shakes the neck vigorously or rapidly.

mimic movement

Mimic movements are the facial expressions of the Pendet dancers. Dancers must have a different facial expression for each move they perform.

Entiah-tjerengu or showing a happy and friendly smile is the term used for facial expressions.

finger movement

Finger gestures show moves that will brighten up the next pendet dance performance. There are two types of finger motions: nyacup carry, or moderate hand motions, and juggler motions, or nice waving hand motions.

body movement

The movement of the body is a body part used in the next pendet dance. Dancer flexibility is determined by their body movements.

The movement of the body in pendet dance is called the arm base movement or ngejatpala. The more flexible the dancers’ diet, the better they perform.

hand gestures

In addition to the finger movements, the pendet dance also has characteristic hand movements. The dance move on this part of the hand is called the Pepiletan, which is turning the hand Haluang inward, or Luk Nagastru. While hand movements are performed in tandem, this is called Luk Nerudut.

foot movements

The legs are the final limbs used in the pendet dance. The feet also contribute to the success of this traditional Balinese dance.

The pendet dance uses a variety of foot movements, including the appearance of the sirang pada, ngembang, ngandang areo, milpil, and nyregseg.

Required traits for Pendet Dance

Each dance activity certainly has different characteristics. The main object of the pendet dance is a bowl or offering, usually used by the local community for religious services.

Offerings or bowls decorated with fine leaves and filled with fruit or food symbolize respect for visitors. In addition to a bowl, traditional pendet dancers also use an object in the form of a large fan.

Privileges of traditional Balinese dance Pendet Dance

Privileges of traditional Balinese dance Pendet Dance

After understanding the history and movements of pendet dance, here follows an explanation of the characteristics of traditional Balinese dance, namely pendet dance. What makes the pendet dance different? Check out the following discussion immediately:

Regardless of age for all dancers

The goal, regardless of age, is to allow people of all ages to access the Pendet dance community.

There are no age restrictions or requirements for any dancer. Anyone with pure sincerity is welcome to participate in traditional dance moves, pendet dances, religious activities and other ceremonial activities.

The movement pattern is also so simple that even parents can understand it. If one of the members is older, the younger member must be able to mimic the older member’s movement patterns. The musicians must also be able to adapt their movement patterns to the existing rhythm.


Pendet dance belongs to the characteristics of traditional dance, is a dynamic cultural art or evolves with time.

Although classified as a traditional dance, pendet dance is able to adapt to current trends without losing its traditional aspects.

This dance was only used in religious ceremonies in ancient times. However, thanks to the development of I Wayang Rindi, this dance style was able to spread to all parts of the country and even became the opening dance of the ASEAN Games, in which all governments from around the world took part.

Has sacred and religious value

As previously mentioned, this dance was originally only performed during religious ceremonies in Balinese Hindu temples.

This dance symbolizes the greeting of the gods who have descended to earth due to ceremonial activities. Although classified as a modern traditional dance, this dance contains sacred values.

Has a distinctive musical rhythm

Has a distinctive musical rhythm

The pendet dance, like other types of traditional Indonesian dances, is always accompanied by a gamelan in every performance.

The loads or rhythm of the gamelan will later determine how the dancer’s movements should be performed.

Preserving the Pendet dance culture

The protest was carried out by the Indonesian people due to a misunderstanding of a Malaysian TV show that considered pendet dance to be Malaysian culture at the time.

With this message, as a good Indonesian nation, we must always protect our culture by continuing to preserve it.

You don’t have to speak out or promote your culture. Learning alone means you have helped preserve Indonesian culture.

The pendet dance is no exception; By learning about the movements or origins described above, you can help preserve Bali’s Indonesian culture.

Do not allow the traditional dance culture of Indonesia to be sabotaged or even recognized by other countries, because it is a legacy of our ancestors.


Here we have compiled some frequently asked questions:

What is special about the Pendet dance from Bali?

The uniqueness of this pendet dance lies in the fact that it contains sacred and religious values. These are dances that were originally only performed in Hindu temples in Bali.

Although this dance is often performed at entertainment events, performers still maintain the sacred and religious values ​​embodied in the pendet dance.


This is some information about the history and development of the pendet dance, as well as the movements and characteristics of the pendet dance.

As good Indonesian citizens, we must preserve the traditional culture so that our culture doesn’t just disappear.

Hence the article on the history and development of the pendet dance and its movements. Don’t forget to keep visiting the Infokekinian website.

Because we also have a lot of other information and recommendations that will of course be useful and help current friends.

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