One of the effects of air pollution is breathing difficulties, which of course make you uncomfortable and can get even worse if you ignore them.
Healthy breathing is everyone’s right. However, amid rapid industrial development and urbanization, the quality of the air we breathe every day is often compromised by various pollutants.
Air pollution is a serious problem that can affect the human respiratory system.
In this article, Info Kekinain will discuss at length the effects of air pollution on respiratory health and how we can protect ourselves from this hazard.
To find out in more detail and clearly what respiratory diseases are, read this article to the end
Respiratory diseases due to air pollution
Here are 19 respiratory diseases and their explanations:
The first respiratory disease is asthma, a chronic respiratory disease characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways.
In people with asthma, the airways are sensitive to various stimuli such as allergens, air pollution or physical activity.
This narrows the airways, causing symptoms such as difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness.
During an asthma attack, the airways become progressively narrower, restricting the flow of air to and from the lungs.
Asthma attacks can be triggered by factors such as allergens (eg, pollen, house dust mites, pet dander), air pollution (eg, cigarette smoke, dust), respiratory infections, or psychological factors.
Asthma treatment involves using bronchodilators to relieve symptoms and control inflammation, and avoiding triggers that can make the condition worse.
Patient education and regular medical monitoring are important for effective asthma treatment.
Although asthma cannot be completely cured, with proper treatment, people with asthma can live normally and go about their daily activities without too many obstacles.
It’s important to recognize the symptoms of asthma, follow the treatment plan prescribed by your doctor, and maintain a clean environment free of triggers that can trigger an asthma attack.
Bronchitis is an inflammatory disease of the bronchi, which are the airways that connect the trachea (gullet) to the lungs.
Usually, bronchitis is caused by a viral or bacterial infection. When the bronchi become inflamed, mucus is produced in excess, leading to coughing up phlegm, shortness of breath, and chest discomfort.
There are two types of bronchitis namely acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is generally transient and usually follows a viral infection, such as the flu or a cold.
Symptoms include a dry cough that turns into a cough with phlegm, low-grade fever, chest pain, and fatigue.
Acute bronchitis usually heals on its own within a few weeks.
Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, is a more serious condition and lasts longer, usually more than three months.
Chronic bronchitis is associated with smoking and long-term exposure to irritants such as air pollution or chemicals.
Symptoms include regular persistent coughing up of mucus, shortness of breath, excessive mucus production and tiredness.
Treatment for bronchitis includes getting enough rest, drinking plenty of fluids, and taking medication to relieve symptoms.
If the bronchitis is caused by a bacterial infection, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. It’s also important to avoid triggers that can make bronchitis worse, such as smoking or air pollution.
To prevent bronchitis, it is recommended to keep hands clean, avoid contact with sick people, and adopt a healthy lifestyle, including a nutritious diet and maintaining physical condition.
Pneumonia is an infection or inflammation of the lung tissue. Symptoms include cough, fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, and fatigue.
4. Pneumonia disorders
Pneumonia is an infection of the lung tissue, usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Symptoms include coughing up phlegm, fever, chest pain and difficulty breathing.
5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
COPD is a chronic disease associated with narrowing of the airways. Symptoms include chronic cough, excessive mucus production, shortness of breath, and fatigue.
6. Sleep apnea
Sleep apnea is a condition that causes a person to stop sleeping for a few seconds.
This can disrupt sleep patterns and lead to fatigue, chest pain, and cognitive problems.
7. Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cancer cells in the lungs.
Symptoms include chronic cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, weight loss and fatigue.
8. Fibrosis Paru
Pulmonary fibrosis is a condition in which the lung tissue hardens and scars, causing the lungs to lose elasticity and making it difficult to breathe.
9. Tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that affects the lungs but can also affect other organs in the body.
Symptoms include coughing up blood, fever, weight loss and fatigue.
10. Edema Paru
Pulmonary edema occurs when fluid builds up in the lung tissue, causing shortness of breath, coughing, and decreased blood oxygen levels.
11. Upper respiratory tract disease
These include colds, sinus infections, tonsillitis, and other upper respiratory infections that can cause a stuffy nose, cough, and sore throat.
12 pulmonary embolism
A pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot or other clot (embolism) travels into an artery in the lungs, blocking blood flow and causing severe breathing problems.
Symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain, coughing up blood, and fainting.
13. Asthma attack
Asthma attacks occur when the airways are severely narrowed, causing difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness.
Asthma attacks can be triggered by allergens, air pollutants, physical activity or stress.
14. Interstitial lung disease
This is a group of diseases associated with inflammation and fibrosis (hardening of the lung tissue) in the spaces between the alveoli (air sacs) of the lungs.
Symptoms include a dry cough, shortness of breath, fatigue and decreased lung capacity.
15. Central apnea syndrome
This is a respiratory disease characterized by a temporary cessation of breathing during sleep due to central nervous system disorders.
Symptoms include shortness of breath, trouble sleeping and fatigue.
16. Acute respiratory disease
These include disorders that cause a sudden deterioration in respiratory function, such as B. severe pneumonia, lung injury or acute respiratory failure.
Symptoms include shortness of breath, decreased blood oxygen levels, and fatigue.
Breathing anxiety is a condition in which a person experiences excessive fear of the breathing process, leading to shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, and muscle tension.
Hyperventilation is a condition in which a person inhales rapidly and in large quantities, which can cause a drop in blood carbon dioxide levels and cause shortness of breath, dizziness, and muscle cramps.
19. Respiratory diseases in infants
These respiratory diseases include a variety of respiratory conditions that can affect infants, such as: B. respiratory distress syndrome (SGPB), bronchiolitis or infections of the upper respiratory tract.
Symptoms include coughing, difficulty breathing, and rapid breathing.
This is some information about respiratory diseases that often occur due to air pollution.
It is important to remember that any respiratory condition requires medical attention and proper treatment.
If you or someone close to you develop any worrisome symptoms, seek medical attention immediately for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Always take care of your respiratory health by adopting a healthy lifestyle, avoiding excessive exposure to air pollutants, and taking care of the cleanliness of the environment.
Contemporary friends, good respiratory health is the key to an active and quality life.
By understanding the possible respiratory diseases and taking appropriate preventive measures, we can protect and maintain our respiratory health.
Don’t hesitate to see a doctor if you experience any suspicious symptoms or have concerns about your respiratory health.
Remember to always take extra care of the air we breathe and keep our environment clean and healthy.
So you can enjoy fresh and healthy breath and get an optimal quality of life.
Take care of your respiratory health, current friend, and always prioritize your health wisely.